Horace A. Jones
Coaltown was an American Hall of Fame Champion Thoroughbred racehorse of whom the New York Times said "was probably the most underrated Thoroughbred of the 20th Century."
Coaltown was nicknamed "The Goose" by the stable employees at Calumet Farm for his way of outstretching his long, thin neck when he ran. Racing at age three in 1948, he was overshadowed by stablemate Citation, finishing second to him in the Kentucky Derby. Citation became the 8th U.S. Triple Crown Champion. Coaltown, meanwhile, won eight of his thirteen starts. He won the Blue Grass Stakes in track record time and at the end of the year was voted 1948's U.S. Champion Sprint Horse.
In 1949, injuries kept Citation from racing, allowing Coaltown to show how good he really was. He won twelve of his fifteen races, and set or matched several U.S. and world records including:
- A new world record for the mile at Washington Park Racetrack
- Equaled the world record and set a new track record for 1 1/4 miles at Gulfstream Park
- Equaled the world record and set a new track record for 1 1/8 miles at Hialeah Park
- Set a new track record for 1 1/8 miles at Arlington Park
- Equaled the track record for six furlongs at Hollywood Park Racetrack
In his final race of 1949, Coaltown was a badly beaten 2nd to 1949 arch-rival Capot in the Pimlico Special. Nonetheless, his performances that year earned him Handicap Horse of the Year honors and he shared the United States Horse of the Year title with Capot.
After mediocre performances in 1950 and '51, Coaltown was retired to stud at Calumet Farm, where he had only limited success as a sire. In 1955, he was sold to Haras de Jardy in Marnes-la-Coquette, France where he died at the age of 20 in 1965.
Coaltown was inducted into the United States' National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1983.